La responsabilité civile du fait des agents autonomes

Full text in french. 


Recent developments in the field of artificial intelligence in general, and deep learning in particular, have allowed for the creation of intelligent autonomous agents, i.e. robots capable of determining their own actions without the help of a third party. The autonomy displayed by these agents raises new questions with regards to civil liability. If they are necessarily subject to dispositions regarding the act of a thing, this legal regime seems ill-adapted to the independence and unpredictability of these “artificial entities” endowed with a capacity to learn. For this reason, certain authors have suggested the adoption of new legal rules that are better adapted to the particular context of autonomous agents. Proposed rules range from granting a form of legal personhood to autonomous agents, to creating a liability regime inspired by an owner’s responsibility for his pet or, even, old slavery laws.

This content has been updated on 25 August 2020 at 9 h 42 min.