AI and Judicial Decision-Making



The chapter gives an overview of how artificial intelligence (AI) is used and can be used in judicial decision-making, presents the risks this use entails, and proposes how judges can address those risks. It first explores whether and to what extent judicial functions may be replaced by AI. It then explains the importance of people’s automation bias in determining appropriate levels of trust towards AI. Then, it addresses how judges can respond to algorithmic biases, which have important consequences on their decisions’ accuracy and for potential discrimination. Finally, it examines how judges can address algorithmic opacity, which has consequences for procedural fairness and the role of private interests during trial.

This content has been updated on 24 November 2020 at 11 h 35 min.